Module 3: The Camera & Exposure

0 Posted by - June 5, 2014 - Courses, Photography Appreciation
Richard Avedon, Veruschka, dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967

Richard Avedon, Veruschka, dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967

In this module, we begin our study of photography as a technical art, and prepare you to create your own photographs in the next module.

All photographs are a combination of technical and creative skill. In many ways, the ease of automatic digital exposure has obscured the technical element from beginning photographers. But the elements of exposure are like paint brushes, the setting you choose for each element determines the look of part of the photograph. As you’ll learn, each exposure control has a corresponding aesthetic control, and the photographer chooses the combination of exposure settings that produce the desired exposure and aesthetic qualities.

Each exposure control has a corresponding aesthetic control.

There are three primary elements of photographic exposure: Aperture, Shutter Speed, and ISO. Collectively, they are called the Exposure Triangle. For exposure, think of each side of the triangle as a variable in an equation: a + b + c = E (correct exposure). The photographer can choose any combination of numbers that equal E, and they choose those that produce the desired aesthetic and creative result.

Question: What exposure decisions do you see in the photographs in this introduction? In the comments below, explain a decision and how it affects the look of one of the images.

Module Content

With these concepts in mind, please read and view the following module content:

The Ultimate Beginner’s Introduction to Exposure – Photography 101

The Photographer’s Vision, pp. 137 – 155

Featured Photographer: Paul Strand

Paul Strand, Young Boy, Gondeville, Charente, France, 1951

Paul Strand, Young Boy, Gondeville, Charente, France, 1951

Paul Strand was considered a technical master of photography. He worked with early large format cameras and was known for his precise attention to detail in his exposure and photographic prints. Read links about the photographer and his work here. As you consider Strand’s work, think about the technical and creative choices he had to make to produce the photographs.


After you read the Featured Photographer links, research photographs by Paul Strand. Then find and add your favorite photograph by the photographer to the Dropmark collection. Write a photographic analysis of the photograph that explains why it is an effective and masterful work in terms of photographic exposure. Identify something from this module’s content that you see in the photograph and explain how it is effective. Use terms and concepts from the course in your analysis. Full Directions

Discussion Topic

After you read and watch the material from this module, you should have a basic understanding of how the camera is used to make photographic images. To apply this information, please explain each of these controls and how they are used to produce a photograph. Cite information from the reading and videos.
1. Aperture
2. Shutter Speed
3. ISO

Full Directions

Top Image: Fan Ho, Construction, 1957
  • MacKenzie Kush

    In Richard Avedon’s photograph called Veruschka, I see the decision of shutter speed being made. I see this because of the decision to adjust the shutter speed to what was going on in the photo such as the motion of the woman, and if this decision hadn’t been made, parts of her body would have appeared blurry. The shutter speed adjusts to what’s going on in the photograph, and keeps it in focus with the moving elements in the frame.

  • Lincoln Kirchoff

    In Veruschka, a photograph by Richard Avedon, there is a well balanced use of exposure which can be seen in the shutter speed and ISO. Since the photograph does not appear to be very deep, aperture doesn’t have much bearing. The shutter speed is high enough to allow the moving lady to appear frozen in time, and the ISO is set at a high enough amount to allow for taking a photo in what appears to be somewhat low lighting.

  • Heather Torkelson

    In the above photograph by Richard Avedon, we see a proper example of how to use exposure to create a proper photograph. The first thing that I notice when looking at this picture is what appears to be the lady moving to the side of the frame, yet there is no blur to show motion. This means that Strand used a higher shutter speed to capture the image in sharp focus. If he used a lower shutter speed, we would see some motion blur as her legs were moving to the side.

  • Kinsey Mace

    In the Veruschka photo above, Richard Avedon uses exposure correctly to create a quality photograph. Using shutter speed he allows to create a clear photo of movement. The subject matter appears to be moving to the side but, Avedon uses correct shutter speed to create a snapshot of this. Also his use of the aperture, adjusting to make for the right amount of light to shine through on this picture, creating a picture with excellent lighting that also helps emphasize her movement.

  • Danielle Evert

    Richard Avedon’s photo called Veruschka, as seen above in the introduction, uses the correct variation of aperture, shutter speed, and ISO to capture the exposure desired aesthetically and creatively. Because the subject matter, the young girl, seems to be falling to her left yet there is no blur to the picture, it can be assumed that Avedon chose a fast shutter speed. This can also be seen in the fact that the tassel at the end of the girls pony-tail is sharp with no blur. The aperture of this photo, which is found with how much light is allowed to enter the lens, determines the depth of field. Due to the fact that there is nothing behind the girl or no other subject matter in the background, Avedon used a lower f-stop which gave more focus to the girl. Lastly, Avedon used a lower ISO which created less noise within in the picture and made the image seem softer and added a “flow” to the image without blur.

  • Jon-Michael Brandt

    In the first photo it seems that the photographer chose a fast shutter speed to freeze the woman in the photo, after the the shutter speed was chosen I would imagine that the aperture was selected to accommodate for what seems like a low light situation. Then lastly the ISO was selected to accommodate for the adjustments to aperture and shutter speed. This was done to reduce noise in the photo, which there is next to none since it is very crisp and clear.

  • Amy Sailer

    In the photograph taken by Richard Avedon, it looks like he used a fast shutter speed to minimize or eliminate blurriness in the picture. The women seems to be moving, but there is no motion or blurriness to show movement. Richard Avedon uses aperture to allow just enough light to pass through so the focus of the photograph remains on the women.

  • Ashlin Hake

    The Veruschka photo by Richard Avedon above looks like he used a fast shutter speed to avoid blurriness. It seems like the woman is in motion but by using the faster shutter speed, the photographer avoids any blurriness that could come from movement. So if the camera was operating at its fastest shutter speed then the aperture was probably wide open at the biggest aperture to let more light in since it appears to be not the brightest atmosphere. The ISO was then adjusted to accommodate the aperture and shutter speed. The ISO was lower to avoid noise or grain in the image.

  • Georgia

    The Veruschka photo by Richard Avedon as seen above seems to me to use a fast shutter speed to be able to capture the motion and freeze it in time and to make it appear real. Due to the high shutter speed it also had a high aperture and this is why it is so bright. the IOS needs to balance out in order for the image to look put together and not pixilated.

  • Ryan Emanuelson

    One of the decisions made Richard Avedon’s photo of the dancing lady was to make the photo look like it is freezing the action. As she is dancing it is hard to get a good photo that looks like it just suspends that particular time. This is done by speeding up the shutter speed a little bit. That is a conscious decision that Richard likely made in order to manipulate the photograph to look like how he wanted it to look. One way to tell this is there is no blurriness in the photo. It is a picture that seems to be pretty smooth.

  • Joe Rys

    The exposure decisions that I see being made in these pictures are ones that really want to capture the moment, so they would use a faster shutter speed to avoid a blurry picture. The last 2 photographs try to incapsulate as much detail as possible, while the first one thrives on faceless workers to try and get people to envision themselves as that person working. Each photo does something different, but they each do it very well.

  • Jessica Dorman

    Richard Avedon used a
    young lady as the subject matter for his photo Veruschka. It is an interesting
    photo as she seems to be frozen mid fall holding a tassel that draws me in! Exposure
    has three elements: ISO, aperture and shutter speed and if one is changed the
    other two must be adjusted to make the exposure triangle equal again. It is
    instantly assumed he used a very fast shutter speed to freeze the young lady
    and then lowered the aperture or f-stop to account for girl in such focus and
    allow a certain amount of light on the picture. Finally the ISO was lowered to
    create less noise or grain within the picture.

  • Bailey

    One part of the exposure of Richard Avedon’s picture of the woman was the fast shutter speed to stop quick movement. This added the interesting element of the woman seeming to be completely still where in reality she was probably moving very quick. Compared to the other picture like Paul Strand’s picture of the boy which probably had a slower shutter speed and focused more on capturing detail as compared to stopping motion.

  • Victoria Langhans

    First of all, the camera being used to capture the photo of the girl whipping her long braid in the air must have had a generally fast shutter speed. It is a great action shot of the girl on one leg with her hair blowing behind her. It almost seems as though the girl is falling in slow motion, and the camera caught the perfect shot of it all before she really “fell”. It appears as though Avedon used the correct triangle (a+b+c=E) to get the perfect picture and exposure he was in search of. It’s amazing how the girl does appear to be moving but there is no direct evidence of it…no blurry shadows, etc.

  • Jason Straub

    In “Veruschka,” by Richard Avedons, there is a woman dancing. You can tell that they used a fast shutter speed in order to stop the quick movement and take the focus away from the moving. It’s kind of Ironic, because the fast shutter speed takes away the movement, yet the best part of the picture is the woman’s movement. It’s a beautiful photo that captures the beauty of movement and angle of the woman’s body.

  • Mitchell Branby

    In Richard Avedon’s, “Veruschka”, the subject is clearly in motion. Avedon, I would assume, used a high shutter speed in order to capture the desired exposure in his photograph. The woman is left frozen in the air, leaning emptily, unencumbered by gravity’s force. Paradoxically, her motion is further highlighted by the perfect stillness of her body, captured within the slightest of milliseconds. Most likely, this was taken out of a series of burst shots with a greater aperture.

  • Jessica Holmberg

    In the photo titled “Veruschka,” we see a women who appears to me moving or falling. Because she is in motion, it is likely that Avedons used a fast shutter speed to capture this moment. Although this photo is only one spilt second, you get a sense of the entire moment. It is as if you can see the women falling to the ground but because of the high shutter speed, the she seems to be stopped in motion. You are able to see the true beauty of the women and read the expression on her face. I think the use of the quick shutter speed helps to set the mood of the photo and enjoy the fluid movement of the women.

  • Isaac Keller

    In the photograph of the woman falling titled “Veruschka” by Richard Avedon you can tell that there is a lot going on as far as movement in the scene. The woman is clearly in motion falling one way and on the opposite side of the photo you can see her hair beginning to whip around. Also her earrings would have clearly been moving as well as her arms. For this photo one technique that would have been used is a faster shutter speed to be able to catch all the movement and freeze it. The faster shutter speed would be what allows the woman to be frozen in time and it also allows great detail to be seen of the woman’s face as well as her long hair and outfit.

  • Megan Robson

    In the photograph “Veruschka” by Richard Avedon it appears as though the women is in
    motion. It is obvious that he had to use a high shutter speed in order to
    freeze the movement. If he had chosen a lower shutter speed there would have
    been trace of movement such as her legs being blurred. It also appears that
    Avedon used a lower ISO to reduce the noise in the picture. You can tell that
    there is no trace of noise at all in the picture because it is very soft and
    clear looking.

  • Katie Elberson

    In Richard Avedon’s, Veruschka
    (1967), the subject is the women. It seems like the women is in motion based on
    the way she is positioned. Avedon would have used a faster shutter speed to
    capture the women so that she did not appear blurry for this photograph. The
    woman’s beauty and grace is completely captured in this photography. Avedon was
    able to get that perfect photo because he used the right aperture, shutter
    speed, and ISO. This will give you exactly what you are attempting to capture
    every time.

  • Trevor Lucking

    In the photograph titled “Veruschka” by Richard Avedon we can see that this woman in in motion but because Avedon used a fast shutter speed he was able to capture this marvelous frozen shot of the woman. In order to capture a shot like this you need a fast shutter speed and probably a low ISO. Avedon used the right order of “a+b+c=E” to capture what he desired.

  • Wycliff Onyango

    The photograph by Richard Avedon subject matter is the woman in motion holding her braid. The photo is taken in black and white. The exposure decision used are ISO, Shutter speed and aperture. The ISO is very low to reduce the noise in the picture. The shutter speed used is fast to create a frozen motion of the photo since the lady is in motion and it helps also to reduce blur. The aperture used can be high approximately f22 to ensure very part of the photo was in focus.

  • Cassie Stendal

    Richard Avedon made many artful decisions that affected the look of the photo Veruschka and allowed him to portray the emotions that he wanted. Avedon chose to use a shutter speed which helped to freeze the woman’s movements, but still allowed for a small blurring effect in her right foot and left arm. This reminds us that she is moving and very much alive, despite being frozen with such finality. Avedon’s decisions regarding the exposure triangle helped to create a beautiful and expressive photograph.

  • Samantha Scholler

    In Richard Avedon’s photo “Veruschka”, he had to make many different decisions on how he wanted her to be displayed, and how he wanted people to feel about his photo. I think that Avedon used the shutter speed to his advantage. He most likely took multiple photos of the girl running and got this one in particular. You can tell she is in motion because that doesn’t look like a very comfortable pose to stand in, and there is some motion still in her legs and arms, making it look a bit blurred. I think by doing this he shows that you can take a picture while doing pretty much anything. It’s frozen in time, so it can be shown for the world to see.

  • Nicole Remer

    In the photo “Veruschka” by Richard Avedon, you can immediately tell he put a lot of thought into taking the photo to get it perfect. The woman is obviously dancing in the photo by Avedon captures her in mid pose to showcase the movement. It looks like he used a middle shutter speed because the woman is practically all in focus, expect her arms are slightly blurred. I think that he made a good choice in having it slightly blurred in some places because then it really depicts the movement of her body in one still image.

  • Leah Youngblood

    When looking at the photo Veruschka by Richard Avedan you are able to narrow down the type of exposure that he used. He used a shutter speed that was fast (maybe 1/400) to capture the women in a stance where it looks like she is posed there, but we can tell she is moving since there is a little bit of a blur on the right side of the photo. The picture is black and white and you can notice lighting by different shades of grey in the picture. I think that a low aperture was used in this photo because it seems that the background is a little more blurred and unfocused. The photo doesn’t have much noise which makes me think that the iso was set at a lower level. Avedan set his triangle of exposure to just the right settings to make photo that is beautiful and elegant.

  • Samantha Stetzer

    When looking at Young Boy, by Paul Strand, it is easy to see his utilization of ISO. He must have used a high ISO because the photo is so crisp and clear, that you can see every line on the boy’s face. It adds to the emotional impact of the photo because if the ISO was low it would not have been as impactful on the viewer. He highlights rigid features in the background as well with ISO, but he utilizes aperture as well to get the lighting and features just right in the photo. He used just the right amount because the features are highlighted perfectly. He did not have to worry so much about shutter speed because the boy is a still figure, and he can take the time to get the shot. He has the ability to make the shot exactly what he wants, versus having to rely on a fast shutter speed to get the perfect still shot. In the end, this photo’s features are very well highlighted by the light that Strand utilizes thought aperture and ISO. The photo became more impactful due to the exposure elements Strand used.

  • Kayla Severson

    What exposure decisions do you see in the photographs in
    this introduction? In the comments below, explain a decision and how it affects
    the look of one of the images. In Richard Avedan’s photograph, Veruschka, it is
    clear that he planned it out. The IOS is low and that is shown by the limited
    amount of noise in the photograph. It is also obvious that Avedan
    used a fast shutter speed to capture the motion of the woman. Not only is there
    a little blurring around her arms, legs and the end of her braid; but also the
    pose she is in would be incredibly difficult to get into and hold. The
    blurring helps show that the woman is actually alive and in motion. It shows a
    life form. He also probably took many photographs in a row of
    the woman in motion to get this one. It’d be super hard to get this
    photograph on the first try. Finally, the aperture is at a low setting. You can
    tell this by how the woman is the main focus of the photograph. It is
    clear that she is moving but the background is out of focus. Veruschka’s
    triangle of exposure is set just right.

  • Karisa Hanson

    While looking at the photo Veruschka by Richard Avendan you can see that he made choices as to how he wanted the photograph to end up. The photograph was taken in black in white, adding more to the picture. The women in the photograph looks to be like she was in motion while the photograph was being taken, in order to take the picture of
    the moving women Avedan he most likely used a fast shutter speed. There is not
    much more going on in the picture other than the women, leading me to believe
    that the ISO was set to a low level while Richard Avedan. When you look at the
    picture you can see that behind the women it is slightly more blurred than the
    women is. As evidence to that I assume that Avedan used a low aperture. With
    all those exposer decisions Richard Avedan choice ended up making Versuschka a beautiful photograph.

  • Guest

    In the photo “Versuchka,” by Richard Avedons all of the
    items from the exposure triangle are used. The shutter speed used was high and
    this is noticeable because the photo appears to be taken while the model was in
    motion. The photo does not have any blurriness and is very focused due to a
    lower f-stop. Both of these items from the exposure triangle help the photo
    flow together well and have an even tone all around.

  • Jessica McCoy

    In the photo “Versuchka,” by Richard Avedons all of the items from the exposure triangle are used. The shutter speed used was high and this is noticeable because the photo appears to be taken while the model was in motion. The photo is mainly focused on the woman and the background of the picture appears to be less focused. This is because the aperture was set low so that the image captures the main Subject Matter. The different lighting also helps us determine that there was a low aperture used. A high IOS was also used for the photo because the room appears to have low lighting. This high IOS was used because the picture was taken in a darker room instead of outside on a sunny day so there was less light available.

  • Isaac Wenzel

    As I look at the photo “Versuchka”, by Richard Avedons, I first notice the shutter speed being rather fast because of the motion that is seen within the photo. Along with that photographic element, I notice that the aperture is low because of the vision and lighting of the subject matter. And finally, it appears as if the IOS is high because of the dark setting that the photo was taken in.

  • Stuart Schindler

    The photo Veruschka by Richard Avedon has many exposure elements to working together to create this masterful work. This elegant dancer was captured in an instant producing a very clear and sharp image. This tells the viewer that the shutter speed was very fast although the toes on her right foot are slightly blurred meaning the photographer could have chosen a shutter speed one step faster. The background of this image is blurred, an effect achieved by widening the aperture. In this image there appears to be an extremely narrow depth of field which was achieved through a very low f stop setting. The ISO of the film was likely very low given that this photo appears to have been taken indoors, a situation where lighting can be manipulated and optimized.

  • Tawonda Burks

    In the photo by Richard Avedon (Veruschka) you can tell that the shutter speed was very slow because it captured the a perfect moment of the dancing women. Based on the looked of the image I would think he used a medium speed to capture her moment.

  • Jason Straub

    This photo by Richard Avedon has a few elements used in this photo. Due to the motion in the photo, you can tell that the shutter speed was high. It is also obvious that there is a high IOS, which is probably because of the darker room. There is also a blur behind the woman, which shows for a low aperture.

  • Nicole Haedtke

    In Richard Avedon’s “Veruschka”, the aperture is low because there is complete focus on the women. By doing this our eyes are drawn to where they should be and not to the background. The shutter speed is high because it was able to catch her movement. If he had chosen a low shutter speed then she would have been slightly blurry. Either way would have worked but he obviously wanted to capture the movement clearly. The ISO would also be high because the room is dark.

  • Alex Plank

    Richard Avedon has great use of the exposure triangle in his photograph “Veruschka.” He uses a low aperture to focus primarily on the woman in the photograph, but also leaves a blur behind the woman. This draws the audience’s attention to the main focus, rather than to the background. In order to capture the movement of this woman, there is a high shutter speed. The ISO would have had to been high because of the limited light with the dark room as the background of the photograph.

  • Kylie Bridwell

    I see the photographer has chosen to use a higher shutter speed, an average ISO value, and a low aperture. It is apparent that the dancer is indoors as it seems that she is standing near a window because her shadow is directed beside her so it seems that it only needs a low aperture as there is enough daylight. The shutter speed has to be faster because we can see she’s in motion, but it’s not at it’s highest value because you can still see a little blur at her toes which shows a little motion to give that dancer feel instead of frozen pose. The ISO value seems to be average because it is a clear photo and being the shutter speed is higher the ISO value can’t be too high either.

  • Ashley

    The shutter speed has to be high in order to capture the woman’s movement. This also causes a bit of a blur. The real control of the focus comes from the ISO though, which must have been higher considering the little amount of light that shines on her as she swings to the side. This would cause a bit of a haze. Lastly, the aperture must of been wide, the photographer is on a stage indoors manipulating the light. With such a fast shutter speed a wide aperture would need to capture as much of the image and light as possible.

  • Richard Avedon’s use of elements combined greatly to capture a wonderful photo. When looking at the photo our main focus is to the woman in the dress, “Veruschka.” Using low aperture in the image, Avedon allows for the viewers primary focus to be on the woman while having a blurred background so the woman in the image is eye-popping. Avedon uses a high shutter speed to capture the woman in motion and because the limited amount of light in the room the photo was taken, the ISO would also be high.

  • Breanna Huening

    The photographer of the women moving needed to use a high shutter speed to capture the women in that position. The photographer also had to use a high ISO because there is barely any light that was shining on the women in the picture. I feel like if there was more lighting on the women, then her movement would have been more blurred and not well defined. The photographer must have used a moderately wide aperture also while taking the picture because it is grabbing light from other areas of the room and not directly above or behind the women.

  • Clayton Fox

    The photograph Veruschka by Richard Avedon was taken in a very tricky environment for a photographer. The lady is moving in the picture so Avedon used a high shutter speed to avoid any blur. The light in the photograph is coming from the left side of the lady and since the picture was taken directly in front of the lady there are some challenges. A medium-high ISO would be necessary to account for the minimal light in the scene. Avedon also used a wide aperture to capture all of the details of the lady in her dress with minimal lighting available.

  • kacey brausen

    The photograph “Veruschka” is of a women dancing that was captured using a high shutter speed because the image looks like she is actually posed in that position instead of actually moving. Richard Avedon must of also used low aperture because the photo was taken indoors and must of been near a window so there was enough daylight so a low aperture was used. Lastly, the photographer used a high ISO because of the dark room.

  • Samantha Schierman

    The photograph “Veruschka” by Richard Avedon is a example of the triangle of exposure. The first element he uses is low perture. This meaning there is less light but also that he uses the focus on the woman in the picture. In the photo, the women is moving which means he uses high shutter speed, the second element. He does this because if it were a lower shutter speed and the women was moving, her body and face would look more blurry than this photo. Finally, he used ISO higher because of the dark setting in the room.

  • Bader Albalawi

    In Richard Avedon’s photograph, the lady in the picture is moving fast and the photographer used a large shutter speed to capture her motion and give us the impression that she is moving. Also, the depth of field was set at a low aperture because the picture was a little bit blurry. It would be better to set the depth of the field at a higher aperture a to get a better focus.

  • Hannah Herrera

    In the photo by Richard Avedon, it can be seen that he used a shorter shutter speed. This decision has left most of the right side of the model and the palm of her extended hand in shadow by letting in less light. It, also, froze the movements of the model creating a sharper picture.

  • ejemen aimienwauu

    Richard Avedon used the three ingredients to make a good
    exposure. He controlled the shutter speed to freeze the motion of the woman and
    also the aperture because of the controlled lighting. He must have used a
    longer shutter speed in this setting to show down the motion as it papers as if
    she is posing when she is actually moving. He also must have used low ISO that
    is less sensitive because of the high shutter time

  • Sarah

    Richard Avedon, Veruschka, dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967: The photographer used the exposure triangle to his advantage in the photo. He used a low aperture to allow less light in and to really separate the dancer from the background. The ISO is on the higher side as there is barely enough light to cast a shadow. As for the Shutter speed, I think the photographer used a down the middle shutter to allow interpretation of whether the dancer is in motion or not. In my opinion the dancer is moving, but I can see where one would think she were not in motion as well.

  • Mari Dwyer

    The Richard Avedon, Veruschka, dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967 photo is excellent. I love the way the light is hitting the woman along with her body movements. The photo has great examples of the exposure triangle all three elements are represented well here. The shutter speed is frozen on this woman’s specific body movement which means the shutter speed was longer. I think that the aperture is used perfectly the lighting effects only the areas the photographer seemed to want the light to go. The ISO is at a lower sensitivity due to the lack of a grainy appearance and the fact that the photo must have been taken indoors which helps with the lighting.

  • Pang Carter

    in the Richard Avedon, Veruschka, dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967 it looks like the photographer used a low aperture but a high ISO because if you look at the legs it looks pretty grainy. However that could just be a stocking. the Photographer was able to use a shutter speed that makes her look like she could be frozen or moving all at the same time.

  • Hannah McGlone

    In the photograph, Richard Avedon, Versuchka, dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967 it looks like the photographer used a shutter speed that captures her exact movement in a single moment. Also it looks as if the Aperture is smaller because it seems as if the woman’s body is a bit of a blur and the long hair is the main focus because it catches its exact moment and seems as if it is focused on it. The woman’s face is blurry which also makes me think that as well.

  • Mitchell Clark

    I agree with Hannah in the fact that the shutter speed was chosen to capture a specific moment. To me, I believe that the ISO chosen was nearly perfect. The lighting of this photograph is makes this photo great.

  • Rachel Boehmke

    In the above photo, Richard Avedon, Versuchka, dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967, it looks like Avedon used a smaller aperture to better capture a specific focus in the photograph, in this instance it looks like he wanted the woman’s braid to be the main object of notice. For ISO I believe he used a higher level, due to the relatively grainy look of the photo in general. I think he also used a fast shutter speed in order to capture her movement at just the right moment. Combined, the lighting, movement and focus is perfectly preserved and it really catches your attention and makes you wonder at the meaning or purpose behind it all.

  • sydney croft

    In the photo Richard Alvedon, Versuchka, dress by Kimberly, New York 1967 it appears that the photographer used a certain shutter speed that captured the models exact movement in one single moment. Also the photographer used low aperture because there is less light, however the photographer must have wanted the main focus of the photograph to be the models braid because it does have the most light on it and attracts the eye. The photographer would of had to use a medium to high ISO because there is less light.

  • Jade Spaulding

    In Richard Alvedon, Versuchka, dress by Kimberly, New York 1967 Alvedon used a smaller aperture because the photograph seems to not have a lot of light coming through. I believe that Alvedon used a shorter shutter speed because it appears that the model is frozen in time with her movement. I also believe that Alvedon used a higher sensitivity ISO because the photograph seems grainy, especially towards the top near her head.

  • Marissa Williams

    In the photography above, Richard Alvedon, Versuchka, dress by Kimberly, New York 1967, Alvedon seemed to have used a smaller aperture because there is not a lot of light coming through, except at the spots the photographer wanted light. Alvedon used a faster shutter speed, so it appears as if the model could be in motion, or standing still. I believe the photographer used a higher ISO, because of the grainy look near her legs.

  • Melody Vang

    Richard Alvedon, Versuchka, dress by Kimberly, New York 1967. In this photograph is seen to be using a faster shutter speed as the model looks like she is falling but she’s not. Since there is low lighting I feel like the photographer used a lower aperture. The ISO must have been set a higher level because of the darkness of the room.

  • Taylor Nyman

    In the photo above, Richard Avedon, Veruschka, dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967 uses a lower aperture as the photographer needs a little more light to use a fast shutter speed. The detail in this photo in very clean but the subject is very close and that can be balanced by the f-stop. Since the subject looks to be dancing, a fast shutter speed is needed to capture a still image while she is moving. The shadows cast upon the face of the subject the ISO needs to be at a higher level about 800 or so.

  • Noah Loos

    Richard Avedon, Veruschka, Dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967. This photograph seems to have been taken using a lower aperture because there isn’t an extensive amount of light and there seems to be a little greater depth of field (although there isn’t really anything in the background, it doesn’t look out of focus). A faster shutter speed is also being used because it looks as if the subject of the photo is dancing or something of the sort, yet she’s frozen in place without any motion blur from a longer shutter speed. The photo seems just a tad underexposed and blurry, meaning the photographer should’ve turned up the ISO just a bit to get a better exposure.

  • Amanda Boss

    The photograph, Richard Avedon, Veruschka, dress by Kimberly, New York, 1967 uses a higher ISO because of the grainy appearance of the woman’s legs. The aperture is lower because of all of the light that is coming through in the photo. Finally, the photographer uses a fast shutter speed as the photograph catches the woman falling, while not seeing the movement of the fall.

  • Doug Simons

    In the photograph dress by Kimberly the most obvious exposure decision to me is that Richard Avedon used a faster shutter speed as it appears like the individual is frozen in time and there isn’t the blur that you would get with slower shutter speeds. Second because the photo is darker it can be assumed that a higher aperture number was used.

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